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120 Volt Service in Mexico

Continuing the discussion from US 200 Amp Service:

Another take on this question focused on 120 Volt service would be using the wire gauging established used by the electrical norms of each corresponding country.

USA has the National Electrical Code (NEC).
UK has the British Standard BS 7671.
Mexico has the Mexican Official Norm (NOM-001).

I’ll talk about the NOM-001 since it’s the one I know the most, as I live in Mexico.

In Mexico, the standard service is 120 Volts. The wire coming from the transformer is AWG 6 (SWG 8) for every home (unless a different amperage is required by the user).

Every wire up to the smart meter (both the service wire and meter) is owned by the electrical company, right after the meter comes the home wiring (owned by the customer).

Every home electrical installation is expected to have at least AWG 8 from the meter to the fuse box, and AWG 10 from the fuse box to the inside of the home as the “main conductor”.

The maximum electrical current that AWG 8 can support is 60 Amps. At higher ambient temps,
it can be as low as 40 Amps - depending on the insulation

To verify this you can also call your electrical service provider and ask them what’s the gauge of the service wires.

According to the NOM-001, Homes should use, AWG 14 (15Amps) for lighting and switches, AWG 12 (20Amps) for Outlets, and AWG 10 (30Amps) for kitchens, air conditioning or any other kind of heavy loads.

Do you need a 100A sensor to measure 30A? Not really. You can easily get away with a 60A sensor, since it will be extremely rare to see someone using anything above 30A from the service wire for long periods of time as the fuse box has a 60A fast-blow fuse followed by a 30A Circuit breaker. A 60 Amp CT will give you plenty of headroom.

The SCT013 will accommodate wire up to AWG 1/0 (with THHN insulation the OD is 12.2mm) as it has a wire window of 13mm. Anything from AWG 2 on down is not an issue.

Hope this helps.

Genuine copies of BS 7671 can be obtained direct from my professional Institution, the IET:
http://electrical.theiet.org/books/index.cfm

The 18th edition is due to be published in July, 2018.